Waterfalls in Bollywood

November 2, 2017

Guest article by DP Rangan

(DP Rangan is a man with boundless energy. Even with a late debut on the Songs of Yore, at the rate he is writing he will soon overtake the regular guest writers. After the horse series, he switched to romantic themes of moon and stars. This post on Waterfalls in Bollywood can be seen as a continuation with similar romantic possibilities. Mr Rangan has, as is his wont, packed in a great deal of information. He had also added some science which I have cut out, but what is left is still impressive. The song selection is equally good. I thank Mr Rangan for another informative post. – AK)

Our planet is predominantly a body of water and will glimmer in blue hue when viewed from satellites or from our satellite moon. Water covers 71% of earth surface. Picture taken from a satellite is reproduced below:

Waterfall 1

There is no positive evidence which would describe how water was formed in planet Earth beyond doubt. Several concepts have been advanced but remain mere conjectures. It is believed that water was part of the earth as it emerged by adhesion and gradual accretion of planetary material into a rocky planet.

The young earth was quite hot initially and all the water was locked up in the atmosphere as water vapour. When it cooled sufficiently there was continuous rain for hundreds of years and the oceans were formed. Thanks to the water cycle, there was profuse rain falling on land. As it fell on mountainous area, it came down to the plains as river and as the body of water fell over rock face down, waterfalls were born. They were not uniform. The height from which water cascaded downwards and the width of the water body varies from waterfall to waterfall. I will elaborate on this further when I deal with specific waterfalls. When the river gushes through narrow valleys you can have a series of shallow rapids.

But for the availability of water, there would have been no life of any sort in any planet and Earth is also no exception to this. It is the basic source of all life and when one studies it in depth, unique properties of water will be unraveled.

In fact, water as it exists is amazing. It should have been a gas at the prevailing atmospheric pressure and temperature. Had it been so, our planet would be a barren one devoid of life of any kind. Because of its unique properties, water is the only molecular body which can exist as gas, liquid or solid. Everybody knows that two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen bond together to form a water molecule. The theory behind it is too complicated for a general forum like Songs of Yore.

I am reverting back to ‘waterfalls’. All the continents have mountainous areas. America has the Rockies and Andes. In India it is Himalayas and Western Ghats. Some of the most spectacular waterfalls are to be seen in South America. Some prominent waterfalls are listed below:

North America        Niagara Waterfalls
South America        Angel Falls, Iguazu Falls
Africa               Victoria Falls
Asia                 A few falls in China, Vietnam
India                Nohkalikai Falls, Jog Falls

Victoria Waterfalls

Zambesi river thunders down the mountain ledge as a waterfall and it is located in the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. It plunges from a height of 108 metres (355 feet). David Livingstone, Scottish missionary and explorer was the first whiteman to see the falls from an island named after him on 16th November 1855 and named it in honour of Queen Victoria. Its native Tonga name is

Mosi-oa-Tunya—”The Smoke That Thunders” and continues in common usage as well. In UNESCO Heritage List both the names are used. You tube link for viewing this waterfall:

Now I will give particulars about the highest waterfalls in the world.

Angel Falls

Angel Falls (Spanish: Salto Ángel; Pemon language: Kerepakupai Meru meaning “waterfall of the deepest place”, or Parakupá Vená, meaning (“the fall from the highest point”) is located in Bolivar State, Venezuela. It is the highest waterfalls in the world with a plunge of 979 metres (3212 ft.) over the edge of the Auyantepui mountain in the Canaima National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Canaima), a UNESCO World Heritage site in the Gran Sabana region of Bolívar State.

The outside world was not aware of this natural wonder till 1933. Jimmie Angel, an American aviator, while searching for precious ore bed flew over this waterfall on 16th November 1933 and was bowled over at the amazing vista that unfolded. Returning on 9 October 1937, Angel tried to land his Flamingo monoplane El Río Caroní atop Auyan-tepui. It was a perfect landing, but the wheels sank in the morass atop the plateau. He, his wife and a companion had to travel for 11 days on foot climbing down the table mountain from the other slope in the back before reaching civilization. News went around the world and the waterfall was named after him and recognized by government of Venezuela. There was an interesting sequel to this. Angel’s plane remained on top of the tepui for 33 years before being lifted out by helicopter. It was restored at the Aviation Museum in Maracay and now sits outdoors on the front of the airport at Ciudad Bolívar. Visual presentation is the best means of conveying the full measure of beauty and a snap and a you tube link are given below for this waterfall.

DP Rangan_Angel Falls

Nohkalikai Falls

Tallest water falls in India with a drop of 340 metres (1115 feet). It is located near Cherrapunji in Meghalaya. The pool formed at the foot of the waterfalls is green in colour.

Interesting material is available for all the major falls. If anyone wants to pursue further, he can trawl the internet and reap rich dividends.

Cinema producers had included a few outdoor scenes in most of the pictures. Heroes wandering amongst hilly terrain, heroines floating like an angel against the waterfall in the background accompanied by a chorus, duets of love in the hilly meadows were a representative sample of the scenes shot.

I had completed the post but was unable to get more than two songs on this theme. I was in a position similar to a sugar factory erected in cooperative sector and finding itself starved of sugarcane in its area and had to procure it across the state border from neighbouring state. I appealed to Arvinder Sharmaji to help me and promptly he sent me a list of nearly 30 songs and I am now spoiled for choice. I thank him profusely for enabling me to overcome a no-win situation. I will now post a few songs on this theme. My effort has been to ensure they are outdoor scenes with waterfall included.

1. Hawa mein udta jaye by Lata Mangeshkar from Barsaat (1949), lyrics Ramesh Shastri, music Shankar Jaikishan

The song is in perfect harmony with the surroundings and sounds like a flowing river over hilly beds. Shankar Jaikishan burst forth on the picture and with the wonderful music composed started their climb to the summit. Lata Mangeshkar, already known, also added to the lustre.

2. Aayi bahar jiya dole by Lata Mangeshkar and Chorus from Arzoo (1950), lyrics Prem Dawan, music Anil Biswas

The song is set in perfect idyllic rural surroundings. Kamini Kaushal dances around and her coterie accompanies her in the song, while a pleased Dilip Kumar looks on munching on his sugarcane. Anil Biswas has given a good tune.

3. Tere dwar khada hai ek jogi by Hemant Kumar from Nagin (1954), lyrics Rajendra Krishna, music Hemant Kumar

Vyjayanthimala and Pradeep Kumar are the principal actors. They belong to different tribes of snake charmers who are in conflict and their love affair lands them in trouble. Ravi was assistant to Hemant Kumar and created the snake tune through use of been, a path-breaker. Pradeep disguised as a hermit pleads with Vyjayanthimala immersed in the river. It was a great music by Hemant Kumar for Filmistan who had broken from C Ramchandra. (We have discussed earlier on this blog the controversy as to who created the been tune in ‘Man dole mera tan dole’.  The popular impression was that it was played by Kalyanji on the clayvioline. Goa-born pianist Lucila Pacheco’s name is also taken in this regard. Here is a nice article on this controversy – AK)

4. Suhana safar aur ye mausam hasin by Mukesh from Madhumati (1958), lyrics Shailendra, music Salil Chowdhury

This is a Bimal Roy production and the basic story was lifted from Mahal of Aayega aanewala fame. This is a great outdoor song full of bubbling joy and coming from Mukesh it is all the more to be appreciated. Salil Chowdhury had given superb music for the film. (The assertion that the basic story was based on ‘Mahal’ may be open to question. – AK)

5. Pyar bhari ye adayein by Manna Dey & Lata Mangeshkar from Qaidi No. 911 (1959), lyrics Hasrat Jaipuri, music Dattaram Wadkar

A B grade film with Mahmood and Nanda in the lead role, the scene of the song is entirely outdoors with prominent waterfall in the background. This is a well known duet and good to hear at any time.

6. Ho maine pyar kiya by Lata Mangeshkar from Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai (1961), lyrics Hasrat Jaipuri, music Shankar Jaikishan

Raj Kapoor is the producer of this film about dacoits being reformed into law abiding citizens. The usual love triangle of two men, one girl is played with the hero emerging a winner. Padmini is enjoying her bath in the river just down the waterfalls.

7. Badalo barse nayan by Lata Mangeshkar from Sampoorna Ramayan (1961), lyrics Bharat Vyas, music Vasant Desai

As expected, Mahipal and Anita Guha are the main actors in this film based on the epic Ramayan. Combination of Bharat Vyas and Vasant Desai has created great songs and this one sung by Seeta Devi in mental pain can be added to that genre.

8. Sau bar janam lenge by Mohammad Rafi from Ustadon Ke Ustad (1963), lyrics Asad Bhopali, music Ravi

An all time great song rendered superbly by Mohammad Rafi and composition by Ravi is par excellence. Pradeep Kumar is in search of his love Shakila and meets her at the end. There is a nice qawwali song – Milte hi nazar tumse hum ho gaye diwane sung by the triad Mohammad Rafi, Manna Dey and Asha Bhonsle.

9. Mere pehli arzoo ka by Mohammad Rafi and Asha Bhonsle from Pyar Ka Bandan (1963), lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi, music Ravi

The scene is certainly outdoors and the couple going through the motion look like Helen and Dhumal. This is a standard Ravi tune and can be easily recognized as such.

10. Aaj koi pyar se dil ke baatein kah gaya by Asha Bhosle from Sawan Ki Ghata (1966) lyrics S H Bihari, music O P Nayyar

Mumtaz wallows in turbulent waters while crooning this song. Asha Bhosle had excelled and O P Nayyar has composed his trademark tune, but very good to hear.

To the best of my ability I have posted songs where waterfall figures prominently. I request the blog followers to improve upon my selection.

 

{ 28 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Subodh Agrawal November 2, 2017 at 1:00 pm

Thank you Mr Rangan for choosing an interesting theme and giving us this enjoyable post. All the songs are familiar, but I was not aware of the waterfall connection in many of them. In later years Raj Kapoor used waterfalls to declare the assets of his heroines in ‘Satyam Shivam Sundaram’ and ‘Ram Teri Ganga Maili’. I, however, prefer the older, more innocent times shown in your post.

2 Mehfil Mein Meri November 2, 2017 at 4:21 pm

Mr Rangan, that is a very interesting & nice theme. I also wasn’t aware of all the songs being connected to waterfall.
Very nice and cute songs!
Not a good song from my side, but i recently came across this one, so remembered it
Jawan jawan husna ke- adventures of robinhood
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Z8TGg8Qp7M
🙂

3 ksbhatia November 3, 2017 at 1:19 am

D P Rangan ji ;

I am truly fascinated by Water….fountain of life …. life of mankind …..and all other creatures on earth and sky. Excess water that falls on the earth plays havoc ; yet we see rainbow in the sky . Like hydrological cycle our Hopes do follow our corrective cycle too . In a desert one can have vision of far off water but truly it is not there. [ Remembring the famous Lawrence of Arabia long shot on Omar Sharif.]

I , of my own, have spent my entire professional life in Central Water Commission , Govt. of India , an appex body that is responsible of planning , designing of major and medium Irrigation , Flood Control and Power Projects . While structural designing and Planning is a challenge in itself , a little efficient planning is required for flood forecasting and flood control , balancing upstream and downstream areas with proper releases from the dams . The rivers where two or three dams are located near to each other , the power generation gets additional benefits of generating more energy by turning out the turbines to pumping mode . This way the pond created by the two dams is fully utilised with hardly any loss of water.

The practical example are the two big dams ….Srisailam dam and Nagarjunsagar dam …..located on river Krishna , near Mehboobnagar district in AP. Both the Dams are multi purpose dams and to date they are working well.

A number of movies have been shot on this location . Insaan Jaag Uttha , Chaar Dil Chaar Rahein etc. were shot here when the construction of the project was in progress . The pond created between these two dams was backgound of the famous Raajkumar movie song …Aaja ayi bahar…by Lataji and filmed on Sadhana.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lgN9PURVpHw

Dams do release excess water during flooding upstream by opening
spillway gates and the water gusshies out with a tremendous energy . Energy dessipaters in the form of buckets are provide at the exit end of the dam to control this energy . This action creates a beautiful waterfall . Tourist do come here to witness this fall ….. though a man made one. Here is a such scene of release of water and the energy bucket in action.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9jLQx3kD7p8

…..to be contd. with more songs.

4 ksbhatia November 3, 2017 at 2:16 pm

…..in continuation here are a few songs which have big as well as minor water falls in the background . I hope they passes the bill.

2. Tujhe kho diya hamne ….Lata….Aan….Naushad

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6c7Xtc6TpxA

3. Agar mein puchun jawab do ge…Rafi, Lata…Shikari….G S Kohli

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7b7bpj3BMoY

4. Hairan hoon main…..Shabir, Anuradha…Jawab Hum Denge…LP

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_sUplmjwvk0

5. Jaane mera dil kise dhund raha hai…Rafi…Latt Sahib….SJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuJZ1bboHcM

….to be contd.

5 Ravindra Kelkar November 3, 2017 at 3:14 pm

DP Rangan Ji,
Wonderful theme and excellent write-up. Songs are also good. I always enjoy your write-ups. They give a lot of new information as well as refreshes forgotten knowledge. Thanks.

6 Ashwin Bhandarkar November 4, 2017 at 12:04 am

Nice article, Mr.Rangan!

A waterfall is featured in the iconic ‘Yeh zindagi usi ki hai’ too:

https://youtu.be/Na2VxqcsvQo

7 Ashwin Bhandarkar November 4, 2017 at 12:12 am

‘Jharna’ features in the lyrics of ‘Nain so nain’:

https://youtu.be/Zy73MGPEBTc

8 mumbaikar8 November 4, 2017 at 6:11 am

D P Ranjanji,
Yet again informative and interesting article, Arvinder Sharmaji’s songs come as added attraction.
Thanks to the trio.
I am surprised that though there are so many songs picturised near water fall, except for hawa me udta jayen there is no song with “Jharna” in lyrics unlike Nadiya or Sagar.
Looking for Jharna song I found few Bangla Jharna songs. Many versions of one Salil Choudhary song are floating. Hope Venkataramanji can provide some more information on this.
Three interesting Bangla Jharna songs
JHARNA JHAR JHARIYE : MANNA DEY : MOVIE SELAM MEMSAB
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oDah6gZR0wE
O Jhar Jhar Jharna — Lata Mangeshkar.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fhZBY1ubls4
Surer Ei Jhar Jhar Jharna Sabita Choudhury
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3-BPJYu-Ud4

9 Mehfil Mein Meri November 4, 2017 at 10:07 am

hello,
I found one more song
from samsung 1964 by rafi & suman
EK baat hai kehne ki….
waterfall features in first stanza of the song. its not a close up view. it’s just there very much away from them but gets caught as background.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsfdZy1EiuI
🙂

10 Mehfil Mein Meri November 4, 2017 at 10:07 am

sorry the name of the movie is samson
and not samsung!

what a funny mistake!

11 Mehfil Mein Meri November 4, 2017 at 10:11 am

And i could not find Helen and dhumal anywher in song no 9.
I think the heroine is Naaz, hero is unknown to me!

12 Ashok M Vaishnav November 5, 2017 at 1:52 pm

Wonderful subject and equally informative content and enjoyable songs.

13 ksbhatia November 6, 2017 at 12:00 am

D P Rangan ji;

Rainbow over Niagara falls always comes first in my mind whenever I think of falls . The Bow Bridge , connecting Canada and America , perhaps was designed with the rainbow in mind .

The next comes the beautiful movie of the early 50s [1952..?]…..NIAGARA…staring Marilyn Monroe . The cottage where MM stayed gave a wonderful view of the falls thru the window . This beautiful made in random rubble stone masonry cottage is still there on the right bank of Canada side splashing river .

On bollywood side , the climax scenes of …….An Evening in Paris ……were shot here . Some of the long shot scenes of Niagara movie , however , were used as back projections.

While on my visit to Atlanta , the place where my elder daughter family resides , I had a beautiful experience of watching underground waterfall at Lookout Mountain in Tennessee . It is known as Ruby Falls and is named after the wife of a Geological Engineer . Here is that beautiful view…..

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u2RxMAaQV8g

Continuing with songs, here are a few more..

6. Yeh dil aur unki…..Lata…Prem Parbat….Jaidev

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jTw7kikFnCQ&list=PLx0qp-GAWUcdPoZStPAXpQGT7FmnP3pjO

7.Teri duniya se door…..Rafi, Lata….Zabak…Chitragupt

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hGuHno7cHFk

8.Yeh kiya tune kaisa jadoo….Asha….Zimbo….Chitragupt

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9pbwKcPqHiw&list=PLAPlaB8DCCE0Ko-uV5K68K5_3QSvyuCEh&index=26

9.kitna haseen hai mousam…Lata, CR….Azad….CR

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EecCzvJkaxM&list=PLAPlaB8DCCE0Ko-uV5K68K5_3QSvyuCEh

10. Bhool ja sapne suhane….Talat, Lata….Rajdhani…HBehl

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZ4583Js2EE&index=33&list=PLAPlaB8DCCE0Ko-uV5K68K5_3QSvyuCEh

…..to be contd.

14 ksbhatia November 6, 2017 at 12:53 am

….In continuation here are some more songs…

11. Tan mein agni ….Rafi, Lata….Latt Sahib….SJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73jmmT9dSiY

12.Aankhon aankhon mein tum ko…Lata…Aurat…SJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BU1OSGv52j8

13. Aye mohabbat meri duniya mein….Lata…Bees Saal Baad..HK

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=44-DhwQQAkg

14.Dhoondo dhoondo re sajna….Lata….Ganga Jamuna…Naushad

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FJFq5znkbSo

15. Kaari badariya maare nazariya….Lata…Aadmi…Naushad

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_h8TA5OGJnc

….to be contd.

15 ksbhatia November 6, 2017 at 10:34 pm

Ms.Mumbaikar 8 @8;

Jharna song….yes there is one in Kohra….Rah bani khud manjil …by Hemant Kumar . The Bangla version is also by Hemant. Jharna appears in the second stanza of the song.

The video of the song is not available on YT .

16. Rah bani khud manjil…..

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pSl5-LRn-uE

16 ksbhatia November 9, 2017 at 12:31 am

……in continuation from #15…..

17.Yeh shaam mastani ….KK….Kati Patang….RDB

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_sZg4EUB3IM

18 Kahin na kahin dil…..Rafi….Kasmir Ki Kali….OPN

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q8u-n6uUxFA

19.Is rang badalti duniya mein…Rafi…Rajkumar….SJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TMbHY5S7WUs

20. Itna hai tum se pyar….Rafi Suman….Suraj….SJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fb9Lj8J-s94

….to be contd…..

17 ksbhatia November 9, 2017 at 4:03 pm

…in continuation of songs @16 ,

21. Ek hai jharna…..Rafi….Harishchandra Taramati…..Hyd . Mangeshkar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2xsOFkTasx8

22. Main is maasum chehre ko….Rafi, Suman…Baghi Shehzada..Babul

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GXi0JhbhCeI

23. Dekho ji aankhon mein dekho….Lata…Jwala…SJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NBXaKeEfH9Y

24. Yeh wadiyan yeh fizayen….Rafi….Aaj Aur Kal…..Ravi

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M1l52x3wXYw

…to be contd.

18 D P Rangan November 9, 2017 at 6:42 pm

I profusely apologist for my belated response to so many comments of appreciation. I thought it was an off beat theme and may not appeal to many.

Subhodji: Thanks for appreciation and your erudite comments.

Mehfil : Hiding under a pseudoname difficult to picturise you. Your observations are fully appreciated. Just noticed a few songs with waterfall background and developed the theme.

Kelkarji : Very grateful for your views. My aim is to inject something on the subject for kindling interest among viewers.

Bhandarkarji : Thanks for your like and posting two great songs of C Ramchandra and Vasant Desai.

Mumbaikar : Thanks for the comments. I am not strong on lyrics. I went by visual treat only. Songs with the word ‘jharna’ in lyrics are welcome.

Vaishnavji : Thanks for your observation

19 D P Rangan November 9, 2017 at 6:48 pm

Bhatiaji :
@3 – What a wonderful career you had spending your time outdoors in full harmony with nature. You must have observed wonderful way nature displays its wares. I have seen both the dams described by you. In fact wherever possible I never miss a waterfall and have seen many in several parts of the world.

Thanks for your generous comments. There could be drought in the country, but not so far as you are concerned. It has been raining songs from your pen. To think I was struggling for songs. In future I will tap you for help if necessary. Continue your good work. I am listening to all the songs at night.

20 Manoj November 10, 2017 at 7:26 am

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uiTDplwM6Yo
Not SOY, but a modern one if one doesn’t mind,
Bahubali song

21 AK November 10, 2017 at 7:31 am

Manoj,
Excellent ‘jharna’ song.

22 Manoj November 10, 2017 at 7:45 am

20 continued,,
Now one SOY
from film Naata 1955
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1QXX4iTH3WI&list=PLAPlaB8DCCE0Ko-uV5K68K5_3QSvyuCEh&index=28
ISS BEWAFA JAHAAN KA DASTOOR HAI PURAANA from a
Waterfall playlist
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLAPlaB8DCCE0Ko-uV5K68K5_3QSvyuCEh

23 D P Rangan November 10, 2017 at 2:08 pm

Manojji
Does not matter it is not SOY. The scenes in Bahubali are spectacular and what arresting views of waterfall. As usual they introduce some silly gimmicks like the hero soaring like a pterodyctyl to catch heroine. Song from Nata is well known and I have heard it many times. It has a Madan Mohan tinge. Keep it up and post more songs. Thanks for viewing my post and responding.

24 ksbhatia November 11, 2017 at 11:55 pm

D P Rangan ji ;

I was browsing to catch hold of some B /W vintage songs ….nothing has been found so far but I do remember to have seen such songs….will post when found . It seems I have hidden them from myself.

In the mean time one beautiful addition to the listings….

25.Chalo dil daar chalo….Rafi, Lata….Pakeejah….GM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JS2VY6zGTd4

25 ksbhatia November 12, 2017 at 12:22 am

….in continuation…..

26. Jhoomta mausam mast mahina….Manna Dey, Lata….Ujaala…SJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eqyxu0U7P5U

27. Pehle mile theey sapano mein….Rafi…Zindagi…SJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbJ-K2wucUY

26 ksbhatia November 15, 2017 at 11:15 pm

AK ji ;

Here is a pick from the bench strength of the duets of 1948 movies.

Jamuna ke tat pe humein rokenge…Rafi, Rekha Rani….Amar Prem..Dutta Thakur

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QYheukIVs0

27 mumbaikar8 November 18, 2017 at 6:07 am

Ksbhatiaji, @15
You found “Jharna” in lyrics! I challenged my memory and remembered two.
Udke Pavan Ke Sang Chaloongi – Shagird 1967 – Lata Jharna is around 5.20
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vAkUhOtzy4w

Dil Kahe Ruk Ja Re Ruk Ja |Mohammed Rafi | Man Ki Aankhen Jharna at 2.07.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jhJBhXcWBxQ

28 ksbhatia November 19, 2017 at 12:36 am

Ms. Mumbaikar8;

A nice find for Jharna in lyrics . I will try to add and post when traced . Meanwhile one more of Waterfall scene appearing in the following song.

28. Chhal chhal pani hamari zindgani..Asha, Manna Dey…Amanat…Salil .C

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJWx1Fm6OTg

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