Best songs of 1948: Wrap Up 2

October 23, 2017

And the Songs of Yore Award for the Best Female Playback Singer goes to?

Lata Mangeshkar-Shamshad Begum-Suraiya-Surinder KaurThe readers may recall from my Overview post, and the detailed review of the best songs of 1949, that one significant difference between the two consecutive years was in Lata Mangeshkar coming as a tsunami wave in 1949, leaving her competitors awestruck, whereas in 1948, i.e. just a year before, she was behind Shamshad Begum in terms of ‘Memorable Songs’. Suraiya, not far behind, can be regarded as the third leg of the Triad Power that dominated the female playback singing in the year. Surinder Kaur and Lalita Deulkar had a short-lived career in Hindi films, but their best was in 1948. Uma Devi and Amirbai Karnataki also had noticeable presence in the year. Given this overall picture of the female playback songs, I have decided to do away with separate posts for Lata Mangeshkar and ‘Others’. In the remaining three years of my planned review, i.e. 1947, 1946 and 1945, there would be no dilemma – Lata Mangeshkar sang (and acted) some songs, but she would be virtually invisible.

My list of 114 songs had 53 female solos divided between singers as follows:

Shamshad Begum    15
Lata Mangeshkar      11
Suraiya                              9
Others                              18
    TOTAL                          53

Best female playback singers of 1948

The ‘other’ singers include Uma Devi (5), Surinder Kaur (5), Amribai Karnataki (4), Lalita Deulkar (3) and Zohrabai Ambalewali (1). The readers have generally not gone beyond my selection. There was no such suggestion from my side. In the earlier years, the readers added several songs from outside my Master List, some of which also made it to the final selection. I should think it is because, even with a much shorter list, I manged to include all the well-known songs in 1948.

One surprise addition was by Gaddeswarupji. His choice for the best female song of the year was Ban ke aazad panchhi by Geeta Dutt from the film Hua Savera. I had not heard this song, nor do I think others would have. Other readers’ choices for the best song was from the familiar songs. Arunji chose two songs as his choice for the best – both by Lata Mangehskar: Chanda re ja re ja re (Ziddi) and Yaad rakhana chaand taaro (Anokha Pyar, Anil Biswas). Shalan Lal’s Best Female Playback Singer is Shamshad Begum for her overall performance, and she mentions her two songs: Gham ka fasana kisko sunaayein (Mela) and Kaahe koel shor machaye re (Aag).

KS Bhatiaji mentions five songs: Two by Shamshad Begum – Kaahe koel shor machaye re and Mohan ki muraliya baaje; one song each by Zohrabai Ambalewali (Phir aah dil se nikali tapka lahoo jigar se), Suraiya (Tere nainon ne chori kiya) and Lata Mangeshkar (Chanda re ja re ja re). Among the five, his vote for the best female singer goes to Zohrabai Ambalewali for her unique rendition to the demand of the story and screenplay. Venkataramanji shortlists 12 songs, and his best is Chanda re ja re ja re by Lata Mangeshkar.

I have to make a special mention of Mumbaikar8’s comments. She has a complaint that I have attributed the songs of Anokha Pyar to Lata Mangeshkar, whereas in the film these songs were in Meena Kapoor’s voice (which were recorded in Lata’s voice for records). I am not the only culprit, even the uploader of two songs on the YT displayed the symptoms of ‘AK syndrome’ when he erroneously attributed the Meena Kapoor’s songs to Lata Mangeshkar. My case was not one of mistake, I had done it consciously, because that is how the songs had registered in my mind, and I think in most people’s minds.

Many scholars of Hindi film songs hold that because of decoupling of the singing voice from the lip-synching voice on the screen, the technological evolution of playback singing, recording the song separately for record companies, and its dissemination primarily through the radio and gramophone records (later through cassette tapes), the songs acquired an independent existence from the films in which they were located. Hindi film songs became the predominant form of popular music and the binding factor on social occasions and festivals. Therefore, to my mind, it would not be accurate to describe Yaad rakhna chaand taaron is suhaani raat ko by Lata Mangeshkar as a ‘version’ song.

Is there anything unethical in Lata Mangeshkar being described as the singer of Yaad rakhna chaand taaro? For Hollywood, this might be a dilemma. Audrey Hepburn was denied Oscar nomination for her role in My Fair Lady because most of her ‘singing’ was dubbed by Marni Nixon. For us, it is puzzling that this should be an issue at all. We know Nargis ‘singing’ on the screen is not her voice, but it is another person. In 1948 itself, sometimes it is Shamshad Begum, some other time Meena Kapoor or Lata Mangeshkar. We are equally comfortable with these wide differences. I had responded to Mumbaikar8 that it would be perfectly all right for someone to prefer Meena Kapoor’s version to Lata Mangeshkar’s.

Let me go down the list of MEMORABLE SONGS in my overview post, and shortlist those which are melodious, extremely popular to this day and have acquired a permanency. I list the songs singer-wise.


Shamshad Begum
1. Kaahe koel shor machaye re (Aag)
2. Waah ri duniya waah re zamane – (Grihasthi, Wahid Qureshi, Ghulam Mohammad)
3. Pardes balam tum jaaoge – (Mela)
4. Gham ka fasana kisko sunaaun – (Mela)
5. Mohan ki muraliya baaje – (Mela)
Lata Mangeshkar
6. Yaad rakhna chaand taaron (Anokha Pyar)
7. Mere liye wo gham-e-intezaar chhod gaye (Anokha Pyar)
8. Chanda re ja re ja re (Ziddi)
9. Door papiha bola (Gajre)
10. Tere nainon ne chori kiya (Pyar Ki Jeet)
11. O door jaanewale (Pyar Ki Jeet)
12. Kaali ghataao jaao (Shakti)
13. Kinaare kinaare chale jayenge (Vidya)
Other Singers
14. Kaahe jiya dole – Uma Devi (Anokhi Ada)
15. Dil ko laga ke humne kuchh bhi na paya – Uma Devi (Anokhi Ada)
16. Maai re main to madhuban mein – Uma Devi (Chandraekha)
17. Ae dard zara dum le karwat to badalne de – Amirbai Karnataki (Ghar Ki Izzat)
18. Dardmandon ka jahan mein koi aasra nahi – Amirbai Karnatakai (Veena)
19. Bachpan ki yaad dheere dheere pyar ban gayi – Lalita Deulkar (Shaheed)
20. Ankhiyan mila ke ankhiyan roye din ratiyan – Surinder Kaur (Nadiya Ke Paar)
20. Taqdeer ki aandhi..Hum kahan aur tum kahan – Surinder Kaur (Shaheed)
21. Ana hai to aa jaao gar ab bhi na aaoge – Surinder Kaur (Shaheed)
22. Badnam na ho jaaye mohabbat ka fasana – Surinder Kaur (Shaheed)
23. Ek nazar wo yaad hai unki – Surinder Kaur (Naao)
24. Phir aah dil se nikli tapka lahu jigar se – Zohra Ambalewali (Mela)

Pruning it down to the ten best songs is an extremely difficult task because whatever you leave out would be as good as those in. Going by the general popularity and recall, Shamshad Begum’s Kaahe koel shor machaye re; Lata Mangeshkar’s Yaad rakhana chaand taaron and Chanda re ja re ja re; and Suraiya’s O door janewalo and Tere nainon ne chori kiya make sure entry. That leaves five slots. With Shamshad Begum’s overall dominance, she deserves at least one more song in the list. Mela is the obvious choice, which had several excellent songs. All the five songs of Suraiya I have shortlisted here are my great favourites, Door papiha bola having two posts dedicated to it. All the eleven songs by five ‘Other singers’ are very dear to my heart. For Lalita Deulkar and Surinder Kaur, who had a very brief singing career with Hindi films, the songs of Shaheed represent their career best; therefore, they deserve a place too. Something has to give way, and I would solve the problem by including some songs as ’Special songs’, before I get down to the Best Ten.

Special songs

1. Ban ke aazad panchhi by Geeta Roy (Dutt) from Hua Savera, lyrics Bhagawati Prasad Vajpeyee, music Gyan Dutt

Since a respected senior Gaddeswarupji has discovered this song and also put it as the best of the year, I am starting my list of special songs with Ban ke azaad panchhi by Geeta Roy (Dutt).

2. Kaali ghataao jaao by Suraiya from Shakti, lyrics Asad Zafri, music Ram Prasad and Azam Beg

Ram Prasad was an unknown name to me, until I read this article by Arunji. Ram Prasad was a very well-respected musician in Bombay from whom many well-known music directors took lessons. If you want to place him in context, Pyarelal of LP duo and Ganesh are his sons. However, I am still completely clueless about Azam Beg. My main interest is the song where Suraiya is as sweet and poignant as ever.

3. Ae dard zara dam le by Amirbai Karnataki from Ghar Ki Izzat, lyrics IC Kapoor, music Pt Govind Ram

I would have included this song in the Best Ten, but I had mentioned in my overview post that it was played on the radio in the scene in this film, having been first composed for Zamana (1938). Venkaramanji also drew our attention to this technical difficulty. Therefore, let us enjoy this superb song in the ‘Special’ category.

4. Ankhiyan mila ke ankhiyan by Surider Kaur from Nadiya Ke Paar, lyrics Moti B.A., music C Ramchandra

There was a mystic quality to Surinder Kaur’s singing. C Ramchandra is at his best in this Dilip Kumar-Kamini Kaushal-starrer film.

5. Ana hai to aa jaao gar ab bhi na aaoge by Surinder Kaur from Shaheed, lyrics J Naqshab, music Ghulam Haider

Not all songs of Shaheed can be included in the Best Ten; therefore, here is another gem by Surinder Kaur.

6. Ek nazar wo yaad hai unki from Naao by Surinder Kaur, lyrics DN Madhok, music Gyan Dutt

Can you ever have enough of Surinder Kaur? Here is another deeply moving song by her.

7. Dil mera toda by Lata Mangeshkar from Majboor, lyrics Nazim Panipati, music Ghulam Haider

I have not included this song in my shortlist, but my reason for including it in ‘Special songs’ is the folklore associated with the song. Ghulam Haider is supposed to have ‘discovered’ Lata Mangeshkar, and, when rebuffed by S Mukherjee of Filmistan from using her in Shaheed on the ground of her voice being too thin, he gave her a ‘break’ in Majboor. This song is often mentioned in this context. Since this story has also been mentioned by Lata Mangeshkar in her interviews, I have no reason to doubt its veracity. My interest in this story is because I find this song underwhelming, and nowhere near her immortal songs by Khemchand Prakash and Anil Biswas that I have included in the above list. I also consider it a stroke of good luck, in retrospect, for music lovers, because we got some everlasting songs by Lalita Deulkar and Surinder Kaur in Shaheed. Nevertheless, in deference to the history, here is the song.

Now it is the time to come to the Ten Best songs of 1948.

Best Ten songs

1-2. Chanda re ja re ja re by Lata Mangeshkar from Ziddi, lyrics Prem Dhawan, music Khemchand Prakash

The song retains its appeal even after about 70 years. A universal favourite.

1-2. Kaahe koel shor machaye re by Shamshad Begum from Aag, lyrics Behzad Lakhanavi, music Ram Ganguly

A song from ‘A’ (Aag) to another from ‘Z’ (Ziddi) coming at the joint first two positions, one by the old guard Shamshad Begum in vintage style, and another by the new girl Lata Mangeshkar, is a befitting description of the year 1948. In the following year, the transition and shift would be unambiguous.

3. Yaad rakhana chaand taaron is suhani raat ko by Lata Mangeshkar from Anokha Pyar, lyrics Zia Sarhadi, music Anil Biswas

After the long explanation in my write-up, I hope I am not riling Mumbaikar8 if I attribute this song to Lata Mangeshkar. Frankly, I always regarded it as her song, even after knowing that in the film it has been sung by Meena Kapoor. Be that as it may, it is among Lata Mangehskar’s all-time great songs. Interestingly, here is a video clip of the song. I can bet my last penny that it sounds like Lata Mangeshkar.

4. O door jaanewale wada na bhool jana by Suraiya from Pyar Ki Jeet, lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi, music Husnlal-Bhagatram

The SoY readers are aware that H-B composed more songs for Suraiya than any other music director. Pyar Ki Jeet had some of her career best songs.

5. Tere naino ne chori kiya by Suraiya from Pyar Ki Jeet

From a poignant O door jaanewale, HB shift to a joyous song in her voice in the same film, with their characteristic orchestration.

6. Gharibon par jo hoti hain zafaayein kaun sunta hai…Gham ka fasana kiso sunayein by Shamshad Begum from Mela, lyrics Shakeel Badayuni

I would have preferred Mohan ki muraliya baaje. But after listening carefully, I agree with Shalan Lal’s choice, as Gham ka fasana reflects the mood of sadness permeating the film.

7. Maai ri main to Madhuban mein nirakh liyo Nandlal by Uma Devi from Chandralekha, lyrics Pt Indra and Bharat Vyas, music Rajeshwar Rao

Uma Devi aka Tuntun has become so famous for Afsana likh rahi hun and other Naushad songs, that I think most readers may not be familiar with her songs in Chandralekha. Besides the spectacle, lavish sets and the famous drum dance, I remember this film for its songs by Uma Devi. Maayi ri main to Madhuban mein always gives me goosebumps, and I am using my privilege to give it a wild-card entry in the main list of the Best Ten.

8. Phir aah dil se nikli tapka lahu jigar se….Shayad wo ja rahe hain chup kar meri nazar se by Zohra Ambalewali from Mela, lyrics Shakeel Badayuni, music Nuashad

I dedicate this song to our passionate reader KS Bhatiaji. In a flood of so many outstanding songs, I might have missed it. As the lives of the lead actors are shattered, here is a pensive Nargis looking towards the sound of this song sung by Zohrabai as a part of the group of itinerant singers.

9. Bachpam ki yaad dheere dheere pyar ban gayi by Lailta Deulkar from Shaheed, lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi, music Ghulam Haider

Some incidents in history have unintended happy consequence. I regard Lata Mangeshkar being rejected for Shaheed as one such event, because it gave us this bonus in the voice of Lalita Deulkar.

10. Badnam na ho jaaye mohabbat ka fasana by Surinder Kaur from Shaheed, lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi, music Ghulam Haider

This song by the great singer Surinder Kaur completes our good luck story.

To conclude,

The Songs of Yore Award for the Best Female Playback Singer of 1948 jointly goes to Lata Mangeshkar and Shamshad Begum.

And the Best songs are:
1.    Chanda re ja re ja re
2.    Kaahe koel shor machaaye re

{ 45 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Anu Warrier October 23, 2017 at 6:54 pm

AK, with all my love for Lata Mangeshkar, I think I would put Kahe koel shor machaaye re as my favourite from these songs you listed.

Re: Yaad rakhna – that does not sound like Lata at all. Not to me, at least.

2 AK October 23, 2017 at 7:29 pm

Kaahe koel shor machaye re I have placed joint winner with Lata Mangehskar. It is my great favourite too.

You must be right on Yaad rakhna. It is said Meena Kapoor sang the songs in the film, and records were made in Lata Mangeshkar’s voice.

3 D P Rangan October 23, 2017 at 8:26 pm

In these kind of posts, the final judgement is as per individual’s perception and very difficult to reach a consensus. I have heard plenty of songs from 1948 and will have to dig to suggest something. Bhatiaji is the best choice for this kind of research and I expect him to project his view point in a telling manner.
Let me digress a bit as is happening in the previous posts. In Chandralekha the heroine is Rajakumari. She was actually serving as a cook in a cine star house. Somehow she was picked by the director for the role of heroine. She did well, but it was a brief career.
The song selection is top class. In Anokha Pyaar quite a number of songs had Meena Kapoor in the silver screen and Lata Mangeshkar in gramaphone records. I think the song posted above is probably a duet of Lataji and Meena Kapoor.

4 SSW October 23, 2017 at 9:16 pm

Yaad Rakhna…..

Meena Kapoor version.

Lata version.

The version that AK has posted is Lata. There is a harkat at 2:12 during “zindagi ke kone kone” that is very Lata like.

AK I don’t think “Dil mera toda..” is underwhelming. While the orchestration is straightforward and simple, the mukhdas are really good the second “more sajna” has all the hallmarks of a sanchaari. Definitely worth a listen.

5 AK October 23, 2017 at 9:51 pm

Meena Kapoor’s voice is very distinct from Lata Mangeshkar’s. I was sure the link I had posted was LM. That was a revelation, because it challenged the film=Meena, record=Lata equation. But Anu seemed to be very confident it was Meena Kapoor, and I deferred to her. Let us see how others feel on this.

Dil mera toda – it was purely my personal view.

6 Mehfil Mein Meri October 23, 2017 at 9:54 pm

Hello AKji,
This time I think you have done a excellent job again.
As SSW ji has pointed out, the posted song is by Lataji.
In the film, Nalini jaywant has Lata’s playback and Nargis has Meena Kapoor’s. This song is picturised on Nalini Jaywant, so it has Lata’s Voice.
And Lata’s ‘original’ songs from Anokha Pyar like, ‘ Mere Phoolon Mein’, ‘Ghadi Ghadi Puchho Na’ and “Bhola Bhala ji Mora’ are equally good in my opinion.
But for me too, Yaad Rakhna Chand Taaron, is a Lata’s song.
I love that song and Its my most favourite song from 1948.
Kali Ghatao Jao is my favourite too.
The other few special songs are new to me.
To add any song,

I think ‘ Asha’ may be mentioned.
it had some good songs by Lata Mangeshkar , music by Khemchand Praksh.
Ek Moorat manohar Re

7 AK October 23, 2017 at 11:20 pm

Thanks a lot for your appreciation. Now Lata-Meena conundrum gets cleared. Thanks for adding the song from Asha.

8 ksbhatia October 24, 2017 at 12:16 am

AK ji ;

It is surprising that the most songs dominating the list are ……melancholy , pathetic and desolation ones …..and all of them have excellent repetitive listening qualities.

Lata’s song surely deserve the top of the order ladder . For Shamshad ‘s song ….kahe koil shor machhey re…. I have some reservations as it is based on a punjab ‘s famous folk song….Daachi Waleya Mod ….[ by Surinder Kaur ] and therefore not original . The song no doubt is a very good but I again will vote for two options…..Mohan ki muraliya baaje by Shamshad….or ….Phir aah nikli by Zohra Ambalewali .

I generally get carried away by the screenplay and situation of the song in the movie . All the Mela songs are perfect examples for viewers to enjoy . Mohan ki muraliya baaje….and….Phir aah nikli dil se ….are the best ones to depict pathetic and desolation situation . For me sometime story /visual appeals of the song over rides even the best vinyl heard song .

Here is folk version of …kahe koel shor ….

Dachhi waleya mod….Surinder Kaur

9 AK October 24, 2017 at 12:28 am

KS Bhatiaji,
Thanks a lot for your detailed comments and for introducing us to Surinder Kaur’s original version. But Shamshad Begum‘s rendering is also outstanding in its own right.

10 Anu Warrier October 24, 2017 at 7:36 am

AK, I sit corrected. 🙂 I could have sworn that was not Lata.

11 AK October 24, 2017 at 9:19 am

Ye kya hua kaise hua.
So you agree now that was Lata Mangeshkar. Influenced by husband?

12 Subodh Agrawal October 24, 2017 at 10:50 am

Very good selection AK. My number 1 choice would have been ‘Chanda re ja re’. I wanted to add Surinder Kaur’s ‘Dachi waleya..’ for your joint winner, but Mr Bhatia has already done that. I would also rank your song number 10 higher in the list.

I think time is now ripe for you to do a post on Surinder Kaur. You could do her Hindi songs and Mr Bhatia can add her folk numbers.

As for ‘Yaad rakhna chaand taaron’ I prefer the Meena Kapoor version.

13 Arunkumar Deshmukh October 24, 2017 at 11:24 am

AK ji,

The song’ yaad rakhna’ you have posted has Lata’s voice, no doubt, but I think the original song from the film has been doctored-replacing the voice of Meena Kapoor with the song of Lata .
The uploader Suhanee is well known to do such doctoring to songs which she posts, according to one of my collector friends.

14 Dr Dhanwantari G.Pancholi October 24, 2017 at 11:43 am

क्या बात है!
बस यह समझिए कारू का खजाना मिल गया या जैसे छोटे बच्चे को चॉकलेट का डिब्बा मिल गया हो.
यह हमारे जैसे उम्र वाले लोगों के लिए चॉकलेट का डिब्बा ही है.
आपका बहुत बहुत आभार, ए के जी.

15 AK October 24, 2017 at 1:33 pm

Thanks a lot for your appreciation.

Thanks a lot for your appreciation. The voice is surely Lata Mangeshkar. If it is made up, it has been very cleverly done.

Dr Pancholi,
I am gratified that you liked it so much. Thanks a lot for your appreciation.

16 yashwant rathore October 24, 2017 at 5:09 pm

Zohara bai’song – “Tapka lahu jigar se”
And Lata’s Dil mera toda.

These two gems RARE DIAMOND S

17 Ashok M Vaishnav October 24, 2017 at 5:18 pm

Female Solo Songs of 1948 certainly do not call a separate space for Lata and other than Lata singers.

I am still in the process of listing up as many songs as possible from HFGK and linking them up with YT links on one page. As of now, Geeta Roy’s solos songs has called for 3 separate posts and those of Shamshad Begum’s solos 4 posts.

Apart from the concurrent songs from the Gujarati version of Gunsundari, I had not heard of any of Geeta Roy’s songs from 40+ songs that I listened through. Of course, Shamshad has quite a few songs that remain fresh in the memory even today. So are a couple of Surindere Kaur songs of Shaheed.
So, at the end, if I choose any of Lata’s songs over those of Shamshad or Surender or Suraiya songs, it would be more on account of having had occasions to listen to Lata’s songs far more in my formative years. And then when records or cassettes or CDs became the media sources for listening to the songs, songs of pre-1048 period of singers than Lata were probably considered not more in demand, hence limited in supply too.
As in relations, as more of close acquaintance seems to bring in more intimacy,s o may be the case with film songs too.

To corroborate this hypothesis, I recollect that many of my earlier generation relatives who were die-hard fans of singers like Saigal or Pankaj Mullick or Khurshid even when they did ‘like’ Rafi, Manna Dey or Lata or Talat.

18 Anu Warrier October 24, 2017 at 6:18 pm

Influenced by husband?

Well, he has the ear; I’m tone deaf. 🙂 Jokes apart, I’m inclined to bow to his expertise in this field. I hear music; he listens to it. There is a difference.

19 AK October 24, 2017 at 6:30 pm

Yashwant Rathore,
The first song has been mentioned prominently. Another respected reader is with you on the second song.

20 AK October 24, 2017 at 6:37 pm

Geeta Roy (Dutt) is an interesting case. In the early years she sang a large number of songs, but very few of them were heard. Even with intensive reappraisal, thanks to people like you, these songs do not leave an everlasting impact.

21 ksbhatia October 24, 2017 at 11:59 pm

AK ji ;

I think Meena Kapoor deserved to be listed in ….other singers….catg. She gave quite a number of songs during 1948 . A few pasted below are surely liked to be by many.

1. Ik tir jigar pe khakar hum……Phool Aur Kante…..Dada Chandekar

2.Chalte hain garibon pe……Phool Aur Kante

3. Chhoti si kahani …..Aaj ki Raat…..HB

4. Sab mere sahaare toot gaaye…….Lakhpati…..HB

5. Aankhon se aankhen char hui….Phool Aur Kaante…Dada ch…

Whenever I think of best of Meena Kapoor song my heart goes to …..kuchh aur zamaana kehta hai…..from Chhoti Chhoti Baatein .

…….to be contd.

22 ksbhatia October 25, 2017 at 12:10 am

Yashwant Rathore ji @16 ;

Whenever I listen to Zohra ‘s song…..Wo ja rahen hain chhup ke meri nazar se ….I do listen to Lata’s song from Mehndi……Apne kiye pe koi pasheman ho gaya . A wonderful mujra song of its unique version of Zohra’s song.

23 Manoj October 25, 2017 at 4:36 am

The following Geeta Roy’s non-filmy song is irrelevant to the subject above but I still like to listen since 1940s.

Haule Haule Hawayen dole……….

24 gaddeswarup October 25, 2017 at 5:02 am

AKJi, My apologies. At a first glance I did not find most of the songs in this selection appealing and casually picked up one which I liked. About ‘Yaad rakhna chand taron’ This video seems to have three versions including one by Mukesh

25 AK October 25, 2017 at 5:49 am

Tastes vary. But the songs I have listed have been eternal favourites of music lovers. In films, often some songs are picturised in many forms, but not all make it to commercial records.

26 AK October 25, 2017 at 5:51 am

Haule haule hawa dole is indeed an absolutely melodous song.

27 mumbaikar8 October 25, 2017 at 5:41 pm

“Yaad rakhna chand taroon” is a traid Meena solo Lata solo and Lata Mukesh duet and all three versions are there in the movie. The other two (Meena Lata) are not.
This movie is loaded with beautiful songs perhaps they wanted to shoot those songs with Nalini Jaywant too but later dropped (just a guess)
MMM @ 6 has mentioned about Lata as Nalin Jaywant voice and Meena Kapoor Nargis voice. Such a perfect choice of voice, after watching Meena Kapoor’songs in the movie my thought was that if
Anilda had promoted Meena Kapoor as he proudly did Mukesh and Talat Mahmood things might have differed for her career but that speaks of Meena’s personality too, she decided to spend rest of her ( his) life and spent with the person who did not help her in building her career.
The perfectionist like Sajjad Hussain had high regards for Meena Kapoor.
Arunji @13
The Lata video is not doctored, the song starts at fag end of the movie at 2.00 Meena’s version is happy version while Lata’s is sad.

28 Shalan Lal October 27, 2017 at 3:28 pm

This post is extremely well written and there are tinsel town sparks all over.

It also shows that a hard labour has gone to look at the songs and the periods 1948 and 1949 are well studied and AK is mindful of the flow of the time, even it was buried in the history and immediacy of the Indian Independence and Partition.

We can see the scholarship, maturity and command on expressions when AK writes:
“A song from ‘A’ (Aag) to another from ‘Z’ (Ziddi) coming at the joint first two positions, one by the old guard Shamshad Begum in vintage style, and another by the new girl Lata Mangeshkar, is a befitting description of the year 1948. In the following year, the transition and shift would be unambiguous.”

He also showed the boldness and flashes of the intelligence when he analyses the famous anecdote in his selection of the song number seven : “My interest in this story is because I find this song underwhelming, and nowhere near her immortal songs by Khemchand Prakash and Anil Biswas that I have included in the above list. I also consider it a stroke of good luck, in retrospect, for music lovers, because we got some everlasting songs by Lalita Deulkar and Surinder Kaur in Shaheed. Nevertheless, in deference to the history, here is the song.”

I would like to praise AK for making the reading of the post of past period songs very interesting and something different from the usual pen-pushers who year after year reiterate the same stories without seeing them through.

I have no dispute over the right results but I may comment on the comments.

Brilliant writing!

Shalan La

29 AK October 27, 2017 at 5:18 pm

Shalan Lal,
I am overwhelmed by your high praise. With this kind of review it is natural that one develops a perspective of the time line and the trends.

I should add here that SSW does not agree with my rating of that song as ‘underwhelming’. Another reader finds Dil mera toda outstanding. About the story of Ghulam Haider discovering Lata Mangeshkar, it has acquired the status of undisputed truth. However, I always mention this story with my own scepticism which is purely as a lay observer and listener. I have a read a somewhat unflattering interpretation that Lata Mangeshkar’s generous praise of Ghulam Haider’s role in her career had an oblique motive of minimising the role of other great stalwarts who were around.

30 AK October 27, 2017 at 7:58 pm

KS Bhatiaji,
I heard Meena Kapoor’s songs you have posted. I find it difficult to include any of these in the Best Ten I have selected. You have mentioned Kuchh aur zamana kahta hai. The other song I remember her by is Mori atariya pe kaga bole. Thereafter, I have to strain my memory.

31 AK October 27, 2017 at 8:02 pm

I think Anil Biswas realised he had hit gold with Yaad rakhana chaand taaro, and several versions were running throughout in the movie. We see this phenomenon with several songs in some landmark films, say Dharti ko akash pukaare.

Anil Biswas always praised Meena Kapoor sky-high in his interviews. My own impression was that he was being partisan. But he didn’t let personal relationship come in the way of professional choice, where his top preference by miles was Lata Mangeshkar. But I acknowledge you are very fond of Meena Kapoor, which I do not share.

32 ksbhatia October 27, 2017 at 11:12 pm

AK ji ;

I have a strange feeling . The song from Ghar ki Izzat…..Aye dard jara dum le….listed @17 is by Shamshad Begum sung in Amirbai style under Pt.Gobindram , the MD . The original song , however , is from a 1938 movie Zamana sung by Amirbai Karnatki and music by Sunderdas Bhatia.

Amirbai song ….

Shamshad version

33 mumbaikar8 October 28, 2017 at 12:32 am

This is a great find, I searched for it and found an article by Sadanandji on ASAD, according to him this was originally Zamana song reused in Ghar Ki Izzat.

34 AK October 28, 2017 at 8:49 am

KS Bhatiaji, Mumbaikar8,
I have included Ae dard zara dam le at #3 in ‘Special songs’. I have also mentioned that it was composed originally for Zamana (1938). Venkaramanji had also mentioned this in his comment.

I am very sure the re-recorded song in Ghar Ki Izzat too is in Amirbai Karnataki’s voice. The YT uploader has committed a mistake.

35 Shalan Lal October 28, 2017 at 3:32 pm

AK @ 31

Well, your explanation is really not needed but I suppose it goes with your personality and general acceptance of the weight of the journalistic position and also as the provider of the blog “Songs of Yore”.

About the reaction of SWW you have to be very mindful as he is a very well aware of the Hindi film Musical ethos. It should be regarded high.

About the other readers opinions I say should be taken into consideration as they too are giving their perspectives and in the democracy this is very important as more and more people express their views means democracy is working.

Of course people have right to differ with others and that is also part of the growth in democratic ideals.

About the story of MD-GH and Lata is blown out of proportion and I always think that on the part of Lata it was for her promotion as GH from the film “Khjanchi” was held same as SJ after Barasaat.

But I enjoyed your seeing it differently. As for Lalita Deoukar she was far better in “Nadya Ke Par” than in the film Shaheed. But Surendra Kaur had touched my soul.

About the story of Meena K and Anil B, it was just “Nai, Nai Preet” as his first marriage was dissolving and separation was occurring. I do not think he had rated Meena K musically higher than Lata M. There, you are very right. But I would like to say Meena K had wonderful quality of voice and sadly many musicians did not use it.

The producers always went for Lata first and other second or third. It was not the fault of AB that he did not promote her . Their marriage was based on love and not on the promise that he would promote Meena K.

There was a story that Anil B told filmy journalists that he and other musicians (his close friend C.Ramcahndra) were waiting for a female singer to arrive on the horizon who could help them create the cathedrals of music in the air. And they saw Lata!

A good story that had put Lata ever since on the pedestal by the Goddess Saraswati and she remained there as one and only one as the singers came and singers gone.

Shalan La

36 ksbhatia October 28, 2017 at 11:32 pm

AK ji @34;

Yes Venkatraman ji and possibly Rangan ji also mentioned this song in one of their comments . I was actually carried away with the voice while listening to the song particularly @ 0.57 onwards . It looks so similar to Shamshad . So I checked up on googles and found that at two or three sites they too mentioned shamshad as singer . The movie titles are silent about the playback singers.

37 Jignesh Kotadia December 6, 2017 at 12:51 pm

for me, magical discovery of this post is Mayi ri main to madhuban men nirakh liyo nandlaal ! Thanks for sharing such gems AKji.
Sharing a Lata gem from Dukhiyari , MD..Gyan Dutt

Ab kis ko sunaaun main katha krishn muraari
Fariyaad hai, fariyaad meri sun le bihaari

38 AK December 6, 2017 at 4:09 pm

I knew people would be charmed by Mayi ri main to Madhuban mein. The song from Dukhiyari is excellent.

39 Jignesh Kotadia December 7, 2017 at 5:59 pm

सब्ज़े की दूर फ़िशानी
फूलों का शामियाना
अश्कों की नौजवानी
रंगीँ निगार ख़ाना
देखा तो गा रहे है
अपना वही तराना
अपना वही तराना
देखा तो गा रहे है
बुलबुल सुना रहा है
गुल को बुला रहा है
मीठा सा दर्द बनकर
पहलु में आ रहा है
रह रह के कोई दिल में
चरखें लगा रहा है

ठंडी हवा का झोंका
झूला झूला रहा है
फूलों को दे के लोरी
दौलत लुटा रहा है
बादल मचल मचल कर
हर सिम्त छा रहा है
लेकिन मेरा नसीबा
मुझ को रुला रहा है
सब्ज़े की दूर फ़िशानी
फ़ूलों का शामियाना

sweetest rendition of an excellent poetry thru an 18 years old girl !

film Bihari
Md Ramkrishn Shinde
Lyrics Munshi Farog

another masterpiece of 1948

40 AK December 7, 2017 at 6:35 pm

Great song. Superb lyrics. Interesting to see how Lata Mangeshkar’s voice matured in ‘Ziddi’, ‘Gajre’ and ‘Anokha Pyar’.

41 Jignesh Kotadia December 8, 2017 at 12:52 am

Thanks AKji
I love her teenage voice very much, her voice during 46-50. By 1950 onwards her voice became a matured one of a full grown lady.

one more of her 5 star gems
from Heer Ranjha 1948
Kaise kaatu ye kaali raatein
Aa saajna aa baalma

we have discussed Nalini Jaywant songs long time ago…posting some of her brilliant songs from GUNJAN, Md : Ashok Ghosh
1. Kis ka saath nibhaun

2. Jal barsaaye nayanwa
Man men kaisi aag lagi

kya aawaz hai, both are great songs.

the surS of “man me..e..e..e ” leads to “saiyaa..a..a..a…tu ek beri aaja…..hamri sajariya…..saiya a a an tu ek beri aaja” of Rajkumari in PUNARMILAN a musical bumper of 1940.

again Rajkumari’s terrific song in Aap Beeti 1948
MD is an obscure one : Haribhai !

Woh puchhte rahe, hum haal e dil suna na sake

42 Jignesh Kotadia December 8, 2017 at 1:23 am

ईक आग लगी दिल में जले जाते है अरमान
सहमी हुई बुंदें मेरी आँखों में परेशान
सैयाद का ये हुक्म है
आँसु न बहाना जलती न बुझाना

this is BC Rani classic from BICHHDE BALAM

43 Jignesh Kotadia December 8, 2017 at 1:30 am

टूटे हुए दिल की न सुनो हम से कहानी
फ़रियाद की तसवीर है हाय…बरबाद जवानी

now Lachhiram at his best
with Dilshad Begum

sorry , if i am repeating from main post or comments.

44 ksbhatia December 8, 2017 at 3:27 pm

Jignesh ;

Your passion in collection of beautiful lyrics vis a vis masterly composed melodies of lesser known MDs shows in your post @ 39 onwards . Each song is a master stroke of the composer . And each singer sang from their heart. The songs by Nalini jaywant are at equal port with other singers , if not better . Raj kumari in Aap Beeti and Dilshad Begam in Birhan are topper among the list . One can conclude that simplicity of lyrics ruled the scenes in 1948 . They were easy on years ; and so was orchestration . No note is high in all of the songs you have posted . They all are sweetly layered .

45 Jignesh Kotadia December 8, 2017 at 11:59 pm

thank you very much. I think there are many more such sweet songs hidden yet in 1948.

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