After the year-wise review of the best songs of 1955 and 1953, I entered the era of pre-Filmfare Awards with 1951 last year. Continuing the year-wise review I come to 1950, i.e. the beginning of the glorious 50s. End of the 40s marked the end of an era of the vintage singers, and consolidation of the hold of Lata Mangeshkar. Now there was no doubt who the reigning queen of female playback singing was. The male playback domain did not show a similar one-star dominance. The two reigning monarchs of music, Naushad and C Ramchandra, who are incidentally being felicitated in tandem on SoY, dominated the year. The lesser stars too shone bright, with some landmark scores, matching the titans in brilliance. Enough to give music lovers hours of delight in contemplation and nostalgia. For the analytically-minded, the year gives enough material for intra-year and inter-year comparison.
This was a big year for Naushad with Dilip Kumar-Nargis-Munawwar Sultana starrer Babul being a super hit. All its dozen songs are remembered till today. A year earlier in Andaaz, Naushad had sidelined his old favourite Shamshad Begum in favour of Lata Mangeshkar. In Babul he restores the primacy of Shamshad Begum, Lata having a secondary position. Talat Mahmood makes a grand debut with Naushad, which effectively became his only collaboration with him. The year also saw Naushad making a big splash with Raj Kapoor-Suraiya starrer Daastan. The movie was publicized with Naushad’s name as the top draw: Chaalis karore mein ek Naushad. With this movie, Naushad broke free from AR Kardar as a paid employee; he had reached a position when he could be equal partners with him in the Musical Pictures which produced the movie. I should add here that with all the hoopla about the movie, I personally find its music very underwhelming, and very atypical of Naushad.
It was a big year for C Ramchandra, too, with super scores in Nirala, Sargam, Samadhi, Sangeeta and Sangram. The songs range from pure classical to Western-based, from very serious to comic, and from melodious to very rhythmic. I might as well have placed him above Naushad. It is not without reason that if anyone was considered a worthy rival to Naushad in his heydays, it was CR. It is also befitting that I am discussing Naushad-CR in tandem this year which I am celebrating as the Year of Naushad.
If I have to take a name after these two titans, my favourite for the year is a young Roshan, who had failed so badly with his debut a year earlier in Neki Aur Badi that he was contemplating suicide. But Kidar Sharma must have seen some spark; he persisted with him, and Roshan gave music in Bawre Nain that stands as tall as any of the stalwarts. This had some of Mukesh’s best ever songs, and it gave Rajkumari a long career on TV shows with her Sun bairi balam.
This was also the year of Anil Biswas-Talat Mahmood’s Ae dil mujhe aisi jagah le chal. Talat had already acquired fame for his non-film songs, he sang for films too in Calcutta earlier, and we find evidence of his songs in Bombay also in 1949, but now the universally accepted story is that it was Anil Biswas who gave him the big break in Bombay with Ae dil mujhe, which launched him as one of the most prominent playback singers in the 50s and the early 60s. He gave some excellent music in Beqasoor and Lajwaab. His songs for these three movies have figured in the series on him last year.
SD Burman gave some landmark music in Afsar and Mashal. We have discussed him in detail in the series on him where the songs from these movies have figured. Afsar is remarkable for his use of Suraiya – even though Naushad had been one of the two most important composers for her (the other being Husnlal-Bhagatram), in my opinion, SD Burman-Suraiya songs in Afsar are much better than Naushad-Suraiya songs in Daastan. Mashal has an important place in film music history for giving Manna Dey his career-defining song, Upar gagan vishal.
Jogan composed by Bulo C Rani is an important landmark for its Meerabai songs sung by Geeta Dutt. This presented a very different Geeta Dutt from her usual fast and peppy image. He composed one of the greatest Mukesh-Lata Mangeshkar duets, Arman bhara dil toot gaya in Wafa.
Other important musical compositions
As if the above list was not enough, we have a large number of everlasting compositions by other music directors. In terms of numbers, Husnlal Bhagatram had a prolific year with some outstanding songs in Aadhi Raat, Birha Ki Raat, Chhoti Bhabhi, Meena Baazar, Gauna and Sartaj. Anmol Ratan by Vinod is truly a priceless jewel, with two all-time great Talat-Lata duets – Shikwa tera main gaaun and Yaad aanewale phir yaad aa rahe hain – and a superb Talat solo Jab kisi ke rukh se zulfeein. Ghulam Mohammad has been discussed with great deal of respect on SoY. Mere ghungharwale baal (Shamshad Begum) and Ankhiyan mila ke zara baat karo ji (Rafi-Lata) from Pardes show his diverse talent. Vasant Desai gives extremely melodious music in Dahej in the voice of Jayshree, such as Ambua ki daali pe bole le koeliya. And he completely changes tack for Shamshad Begum in Sheesh Mahal to compose a song very atypical of his style: Husnwaalon ki galiyon mein aana nahi (I have to thank Mahesh Mamdapur for sending me a link of Shamshad Begum’s songs of 1950, which contained this song).
Debut, Fact-file and Trivia
Madan Mohan made a very remarkable debut with Aankhen. It gave Meena Kapoor what became her signature song: Mori atariya pe kaga bole mora jiya dole. He gave some very good Shamshad Begum songs, too, in the film. Its Mukesh-Shamshad Begum duet Humse nain milana BA pass kar ke is among their best duets, and it shows Madan Mohan’s forte in composing light, breezy songs – he would later earn fame for his serious ghazals and classical-based composition. Another noteworthy feature of his debut score is the absence of Lata Mangeshkar with whom his association would acquire a fame of legendary proportions. It is said that MM-Lata friendship goes back to their struggling days when Ghulam Haider composed a duet in their voice for Shaheed (1948), but it could not be used in the film. In spite of the friendship, did she refuse singing for an untested Madan Mohan? MM did sing a duet with Shamshad Begum in Aankhen. Raj Khosla, who later became a famous director, also sang in the film.
Afsar was SD Burman’s first film with Navketan which would lead to a long association with them.
Nutan was launched by her mother Shobhana Samarth in Hamari Beti, in which she also sang a song.
Chitalkar sings under Husnlal Bhagatram and Hanuman Prasad in Apni Chhaya – one of the rare occasions when he sings under someone else. In Babooji too, we find songs sung by Anna Saheb, composed by P Ramakant. Confirmation is needed from experts whether this Anna Saheb is C Ramchandra.
Karan Dewan figures in a number of films, but he does not get to sing any song. A year earlier he had sung a beautiful Duniya hamare pyar ki yun hi jawan rahe in Lahore. In 1950, he is given playback by Krishna Goel in Dahej. How times change!
The year is noteworthy for the number of voices that sang for Raj Kapoor: Mukesh in Baawre Nain (Roshan), Kishore Kumar in Pyar (SD Burman), Rafi in Daastan (Naushad), Chitalkar in Sargam (C Ramchandra), Shankar Dasgupta and Talat Mahmood in Jaan Pehchan (Khemchand Prakash).
I am always struck by how suddenly the New Theatres stalwarts became unnoticeable from their glorious heights. RC Boral has a film, Pahla Aadmi, in the year. I am not able to include any of its songs even in my long list.
Khemchand Prakash passed away on August 10, 1950 at a young age. With him an era in music ended.
If you look carefully at the list of MEMORABLE SONGS given below, you will find the only memorable solo of Rafi is Akele mein wo ghabarate to honge, compared to several by Mukesh and Talat Mahmood. A stark illustration of how they stood in the late 40s-early 50s. This was composed by Khayyam under the name Sharmaji for Biwi, his first hit for Rafi, for whom he would later give a number of immortal songs.
Conspicuous by absence are Shankar-Jaikishan, who had a spectacular debut a year earlier with Barsaat. But considering that they came back with a bang in 1951, as we have seen in the last review, they were surely not sitting idle. They must have been very busy with a number of films in hand, which fructified in 1951 and later.
LIST OF MEMORABLE SONGS
Let me present a list of memorable songs of the year. It is a fairly long list, prepared after careful search so that nothing of value is left out.
Aadhi Raat: Music Husnlal Bhagatram
1. Ban ke suhagan rahi abhagan – Lata Mangeshkar (lyrics Sarshar Sailani)
2. Rona hi likha tha qismat mein – Lata Mangeshkar (lyrics Khumar Barabanqvi)
3. Dil hi to hai tadap gaya dard se bhar na aaye kyun – Lata Mangeshkar (lyrics Asad Bhopali)
Afsar: Lyrics Narendra Sharma; Music SD Burman
4. Man mor hua matwala – Suraiya
5. Nain deewane ik nahi maane – Suraiya
6. Preet ka nata jodnewale – Geeta Roy and Suraiya
7. Pardesi re aat jaate jiya mora liye jaao – Suraiya
Aankhen: Music Madan Mohan
8. Mori atariya pe kaga bole – Meena Kapoor (lyrics Bharat Vyas)
9. Preet laga ke maine ye phal paya – Mukesh (lyrics Raja Mehdi Ali Khan)
10. Humse nain milana BA pass kar ke – Shamshad Begum and Mukesh (lyrics Raja Mhedi Ali Khan)
11. Humse na dil ko lagana musafir – Madan Mohan and Shamshad Begum (lyrics Bharat Vyas)
12. Qismat ne humein majboor kiya – Shamshad Begum (lyrics Saraswati Kumar Deepak)
13. Mohabbat karnewalon ka yahi anjaam hota hai – Shamshad Begum (lyrics Rahja Mehdi Ali Khan)
Anmol Ratan: Lyrics DN Madhok; Music Vinod
14. Shikwa tera main gaaun – Talat Mahmood and Lata Mangeshkar
15. Jab kisi ke rukh pe zulfein aa ke lahrane lagin – Talat Mahmood
16. Yaad aanewale phir yaad aa rahe hain – Talat Mahmood and Lata Mangeshkar
17. More dwar khule hain aanewale kab aaoge – Lata Mangeshkar
18. Lakhon mein ek hamaare sainya – Nirmala Devi
Apni Chhaya: Lyrics PL Santoshi; Music Husnlal Bagatram and Hanuman Prasad
19. Ho kaale kaale baadal chhaye piya – Shamshad Begum and Mukesh (music Hanuman Prasad)
20. Dukhiya ke dukh hare hain tumne hamaare bhi dukh haro – Lalita Deulkar
21. Andhiyare ghar mein jot jali jagmag jagmag – Chitalkar and Lata Mangeshar
Arzoo: Music Anil Biswas
22. Mera naram karejawa dol gaya – Lata Mangeshkar (lyrics Prem Dhavan)
23. Humein maar chala ye khayal ye gham – Anil Biswas (lyrics Majrooh Sultanpuri)
24. Aankhon se door ja ke jana na dil se door – Lata Mangeshkar (lyrics Majrooh Sultanpuri)
25. Kahan tak hum uthayein gham – Lata Mangeshkar
26. Unhein hum jo dil se bhulane lage wo kuchh aur bhi yaad aane lage – Lata Mangeshkar (lyrics Majrooh Sultanpuri)
27. Ae dil mujhe aisi jagah le chal – Talat Mahmood (lyrics Majrooh Sultanpuri)
28. Mila gaye nain – Sudha malhotra (lyrics Majrooh Sultanpuri)
Babooji: Lyrics Ehsan Rizvi; music P Ramakant
29. Gore gore mukh se jo ghunghat hataao – Anna Saheb (Chitalkar?)
Babul: Lyrics Shakeel Badayuni; Music Naushad
30. Dhadke mera dil mujhko jawani Ram qasam na bhaaye – Shamshad Begum
31.Panchhi ban mein piya piya gaane laga – Lata Mangeshkar
32. Husnwaalon ko na dil do – Talat Mahmood
33. Milte hi aankhen dil hua deewana kisi ka – Shamshad Begum and Talat Mahmood
34. Lagan more man ki balam nahi maane – Lata Mangehskar
35. Jadoo bhare naino mein dole jiya teri qasam – Shamshad Begum
36. Nadiya mein utha hai shor – Shamshad Begum, Talat Mahmood and Rafi
37. Na socha tha ye dil lagaane ke pahle – Shamshad Begum
38. Kisi ke dil mein rahna tha – Lata Mangeshkar and Shamshad Begum
39. Duniya badal gayi meri duniya badal gayi – Shamshad Begum and Talat Mahmood
40. Mera jeewan saathi bichhad gaya – Talat Mahmood
41. Chhod babul ka ghar mohe pee ken agar aaj jana pada – Shamshad Begum
Bawre Nain: Lyrics Kedar Sharma; Music Roshan
42. Sun bairi balam kuchh bol – Rajkumar
43. Mujhe sach sach bata – Mukesh and Rajkumari
44. Ghir ghir ke aasman par chhane lagi gataayen – Rajkumari
45. Kyun mere dil mein dard jagaya jawaab do – Rajkumari
46. Khayaalon mein kisi ke is tarah aaya nahi karte – Geeta Dutt and Mukesh
47. Mere roothe huye balmaa – Rajkumari
48. Teri duniya mein dil lagta nahi – Mukesh
Beqasoor: Lyrics Arzoo Lakhanvi ( and Ehsan Rizvi); Music Anil Biswas
49. Chale jaiho bedarda main roye marungi – Rajkumari
50. Matwale naino waale ke main waari waari jaaun – Lata Mangeshkar
Bhai Bahen: Lyrics Ishwar Chandra Kapoor etc; Music Shyam Sundar
51. Thandi hawa ke jhonke – Shamshad Begum
Bijli: Lyrics Bharat Vyas; Music Khemchand Prakash
52. Main to maarungi nainon ke baan re zara bach ke rahna – Shamshad Begum
Birha Ki Raat: Lyrics Sarshar Sailani; Music Husnlal-Bhagatram
53. Chhota sa fasana hai tere mere pyar ka – Lata Mangeshkar and Rafi
54. Dil jawani ke nashe se choor hai – Rafi
Biwi: Lyrics Wali Saheb etc; Music Azeez Hindi and Sharmaji (Khayyam)
55. Akele mein wo ghabraate to hone – Rafi (Music Khayyam)
Chhoti Bhabhi: Lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi; Music Husnlal Bhagatram
56. Suno meri sarkar zamana ulta hai – Rafi
Dahej: Lyrics Shams Lakhanvi; Music Vasant Desai (and Purushottam)
57. Wo to baans Bareilly se laya saawan mein byahne aya – Jayshree
58. Aa ja nigahon mein aa ja – Krishna Goyal
59. Choodi dheere pahna choodiwaali ho – Shamshad Begum
60. Ambua ki daari se boli ri koeliya – Jayshree
61. Ae kale baadal bol tu kyun itarata hai – Shamshad Begum
62. Do din bahaar phool to dikhla ke rah gaye – Jayshree (music Purushottam)
Daastan: Lyrics Shakeel Badayuni; Music Naushad
63. Aaya mere dil mein tu – Suraiya
64. Tara ri tara ri, yah sawan rut tum aur hum – Rafi and Suraiya
65. Ye mausam aur ye tanhaai – Suraiya
66. Ae shamma tu bata tera parwana kaun hai – Suraiya
67. Dil ko haaye dil ko teri tasweer se bahlaaye huye hain – Rafi and Suraiya
68. Nainon mein preet hai hothon pe geet hai – Suraiya
69. Dil dhadak dhadhak dil phadak phadak phadke – Suraiya
70. Mohabbat badha kar juda ho gaye – Suraiya
71. Naam tera hai zabaan par yaad teri dil mein hai – Suraiya
Gauna: Lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi; Music Husnlal Bhagatram
72. Agar dil kisi par lutaya na hota– Lata Mangeshkar
Hamari Beti: Lyrics Pt Faani; Music Snehal Bhatkar
73. Mohabbat bhi jhoothi zamana bhi jhootha – Mukesh
Hanste Aansoo: Music Ghulam Mohammad
74. Chhod chale rajaji li haye kaise rahun akeli – Shamshad Begum (lyrics Majrooh Sultanpuri)
Hanste Rahna: Lyrics Farooq Qaiser; Music Wadhwa
75. Unki nazaron se koi nazarein mila ke poochhe – Khan Mastana
Har Har Mahadev: Lyrics Ramesh Shastri (and Saraswati Kumar Deepak); Music Avinash Vyas
76. Tim timatim tim timatim timtimate taare – Mukesh and Sulochana Kadam
Jaan Pehchan: Lyrics Shakeel Badayuni; Music Khemchand Prakash
77. Hum kya bataayein tumse kyun door ho gaye hum – Shankar Dasgupta
78. Dukh se bhara hua hai dil – Shankar Dasgupta
79. Armaan bhare dil ki lagan tere liye hai – Talat Mahmood and Geeta Roy
Jalte Deep: Lyrics Naazim Panipati (and two others); Music TK Das (and Shardul Quatra)
80. Humein apne dil se juda kar rahe ho – Geeta Roy
Jogan: Music Bulo C Rani
81. Ghunghat ke pat khol re – Geeta Roy (lyrics Meerabai)
82. Main to Giridhar ke ghar jaaun – Geeta Roy (lyrics Meerabai)
83. Main to prem diwani mera prem na jaane koi – Geeta Roy (lyrics Meerabai)
84. Kaahe nainon mein naina dale re O pardesiya – Shamshad Begum (lyrics Buta Ram)
85. Jin aankhon ki neend haraam hui – Shamshad Begum (lyrics Buta Ram)
86. Daaro re rang daaro re phaagun ke din aaye re – Geeta Roy (lyrics Pt Indra)
87. Sundarata ke sabhi shikaari – Talat Mahmood (lyrics Pt Indra)
88. Jogi mat ja – Geeta Roy (lyrics Meerabai)
89. Pyaare darshan deejo aaj – Geeta Roy (lyrics Meerabai)
Kamal Ke Phool: Lyrics Rajendra Krishna; Music Shyam Sundar
90. Koi dil mein samaaya chupke chupke – Suraiya
91.Thoda thoda pyaar thodi thodi taqraar ho – Shamshad Begum
92. Sazaa mili hai kisi se yah dil lagaane ki – Suraiya
Khamosh Sipahi: Lyrics DN Madhok; Music Hansraj Bahal
93. Hum dil ki dhadkan ki laya par furqat ke gaane gaate hain – Surendra Kaur and Rafi
Khiladi: Music Hansraj Bahal
94. Ada se muskuraye ja qayamate jagaye ja – Kishore Kumar (lyrics Rajendra Krishna)
Lajwaab: Music Anil Biswas
95. Paas balam chori chori aa – Lata Mangeshkar (with Anil Biswas), lyrics Shekhar
96. Zamaane ka dastoor hai ye purana – Mukesh and Lata Mangeshkar (lyrics Prem Dhawan)
Maang: Music Ghulam Mohammad
97. Aao baitho baat suno – GM Durrani and Lata Mangeshkar
Madhubala: Music Lachhiram
98. Ye duniya bewafaai ki wafa ka raaz kya jaane – GM Durrani (lyrics Rajendra Krishna)
Mangala: Lyrics Pt Indra; Music MD Parthasarathy, Balkrishna Kalla and E Shankar Shastri
99. Aiyya mari main to laaj se – Bhanumati
Mashal: Lyrics Pradeep; Music SD Burman
100. Jab tum the hamare aur hum the tumhare – Arun Kumar
101. Aankhon se door door hain par dil ke paas jo – Lata Mangeshkar
102. Upar gagan vishal – Manna Dey
103. Mohe laga solva saal – Shamshad Begum and Arun Kumar
Meena Bazaar: Lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi; Music Husnlal-Bhaatram
104. Na thamate hain aansoo na rukate hain naale – Rafi (HFGK mentions DN Madhok as the lyricist)
105. Mahi O dupata mora de de – Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar
106. Tujhe barbaad karna tha.. haye dil bhi diya to kisko diya – Lata Mangeshkar
107. Gori baahon mein chudiyan kaali saja lo rani – Rafi and Shamshad Begum
Nili: Lyrics Surjit Sethi; Music S Mohinder
108. Teri zaalim nigahon ne humko ghayal kiya – GM Durrani, Suriaya, Ojha & othrs
109. Haaye ye judaai ki chot buri hai – Suraiya
Nirala: Lyrics PL Santoshi; Music C Ramchandra
110. Mohabbat meri rang laane lagi hai – Shamshad Begum
111. Aisi mohabbat se hum baaz aajye – Lata Mangehskar
112. Mehfil mein jal uthi shama – Lata Mangeshkar
113. Majboor meri aankhein majboor mera dil – Lata Mangeshkar
114. Dil mein kisi ke rahna ho to kiski ijaazat chaahiye – Chitalkar and Shamshad Begum
115. Kahnewale sach kah gaye hain – Rafi and Chitalkar
116. Dekhoji dekhoji.. Chandni raat mein jane kya baat re – Lata Mangeshkar
Nishana: Lyrics Naqshab; Music Khursheed Anwar
117. Kaisi murali bajayi Shyam ne – Geeta Roy
118. Kateele tore naina raseele – Shamshad Begum
Pagle: Music BG Bhatkar (Snehal)
119. Yah aaj ke Laila aur Majnu yun milkar – Khan Mstana, Mukesh and GM Durrani
120. Kyun shikwa karein kyun aah bharein – Talat Mahmood, Khan Mastana and Mukesh
121. Balma tere bina chain kahan, mat jaiyo Dilli darbaar – Mukesh and Zohra Ambalewali
122. Ae chaand mohabbat roti hai ab chaandni raaton ko le ja – Talat Mahmood and Rajkumari
123. Taqdeer hansi aansoo nikale – Talat Mahmood and Rajkumari
Pardes: Lyrics Shakeel Badayuni; Music Ghulam Mohammad
124. Mere ghunghar wale baal – Shamshad Begum
125. Ankhiyan mila ke zara baat karo ji – Rafi and Shamshad Begum
126. Raat hai taaron bhari chhitaki hui chaandni – Lata Mangeshkar
127. Janewale tujhe hum yaad kye jayenge – Lata Mangehskar
128. O ji dheere dheere O ji haule haule anganaa mei aa ja piya – Lata Mangehskar
Pyar: Lyrics Rajendra Krishna; Music SD Burman
129. Mohabbat ka chhota sa ek ashiyana – Kishore Kumar
Raj Mukut: Lyrics Bharat Vyas; Music Govind Ram
130. Panghat pe na jaiyo gori ghunghat utaar ke – Lata Mangeshkar and Geeta Roy
Sabak: Lyrics DN Madhok; Music AR Qureshi
131. Kah do humein na beqaraar karein – Rafi and Surinder Kaur
132. Ambua ke ped suhaane kya kahein mose – Surinder Kaur, Premlata, Asha Bhosle
133. More nain bawre chham chham neer bahaye – Surinder Kaur
Samadhi: Lyrics Rajendra Krishna; Music C Ramchandra
134. Gore gore O baanke chore – Lata Mangeshkar and Amirbai Karnataki
135. Abhi shaam aayegi nikalenge taare – Lata Mangeshkar
136. Woh paas aa rahe hain hum door ja rahe hain – Lata Mangeshkar
Sangeeta: Lyrics PL Santoshi; Music C Ramchandra
137. Jo mujhe bhula ke chale gaye mujhe unki yaad sataaye kyun – Lata Mangeshkar
Sangram: Music C Ramchandra
138. Wo unka muskurana sharmana chale jana – Arun Kumar (lyrics Brajendra Gaur)
139. Ulfat ke jadu ka dil mein asar hai – Lata Mangeshkar and Chitalkar (lyirics Brajendra Gaur)
140. Din aaye pyare pyaare barsaat ke – Lata Mangeshkar (lyrics Raja Menhadi Ali Khan)
Sargam: Lyrics PL Santoshi; Music C Ramchandra
141. Tinak tin tani do din ki zindagani – Lata Mangeshkar and Saraswati Rane
142. Jab dil ko sataye gham tu chhed sakhi sargam – Lata Mangeshkar and Sarswati Rane
143. Wo humse chup hain hum unse chup hain – Chitalkar and Lata Mangeshkar
144. Koi kisi ka diwana na bane – Lata Mangeshkar
145. Main hun ek khalasi mera naam Bhimpalasi – Chitalkar
146. Baap bada na bhiya sabse bada rupaiya – Chitalkar, Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar
Sartaj: Music Husnlal-Bhagatram
147. Manwa mein pyaar dole sara sansaar dole – Mukesh and Zohrabi Ambalewali
Shaan: Music Hansraj Bahal
148. Majboor hun main nashad hun main – Suraiya (lyrics Rajendra Krishna)
Sheesh Mahal: Music Vasant Desai
149. Aadami wo hai museebat se pareshan na ho – Pushpa Hans (lyrics Shams Lakhanavi and Behzad Lakhanavi)
150. Taqdeer bananewale ne kasi taqdeer banayi hai – Pushpa Hans (lyrics Aajiz)
151. Husnwalon ki galiyon mein aana nahi – Shamshad Begum (lyrics Shams Lakhanavi)
Wafa: Music Vinod and Bulo C Rani
152. Armaan bhara dil toot gaya – Mukesh and Lata Mangeshkar (music Bulo C Rani)
Readers are aware I have been posting ‘Special songs’ in the overview article, which are largely unfamiliar and which may not figure in any conventional list of ‘Best songs’, but these are the songs which mesmerise you on the first listening, and tend to remain with you forever. Generally, there is also some twist or something unique about these songs. This section should specially please Jignesh, who has been arguing that merit of a song is not sufficient to ensure its longevity. Even connoisseurs are not aware of many outstanding songs, which are now coming into public domain, thanks to YouTube and the Internet. If ever a doubt creeps in anyone’s mind about the utility of spending so much effort and time on dissecting the songs of a time gone 64 years ago, I invite you to listen to these songs. If nothing else, it is the discovery of such wonderful gems, which I would have never come across otherwise, that removes all doubts and makes the effort thoroughly rewarding.
1. Wo humse chup hain hum unse chup hain dilon ke armaan machal rahe hain by Lata Mangeshkar from Rasiya (1950), lyrics DN Madhok, music Bulo C Rani
We are familiar with CR-Lata Mangeshkar duet with the same mukhadaa from Sargam. And you have a song with the same first line in the same year from Rasiya (an unreleased film?). One a romantic duet, the other apparently a mujra song – the two composed by composers with entirely different styles.
2. Jab nain se nain mile umangein naach uthi man mein by Amirbai Karnataki, Geeta Dutt, Rafi and (?) from Veer Babhruvaahan, lyrics Anjum Jaipuri, music Chitragupta
I unhesitatingly put Chitragupta at par with the topmost music directors for his songs for Lata Mangeshkar and Rafi. He flowered in the early 60s, and was generally associated with B/C grade fantasy and mythological films in the early part of his career. And from 1950 I come across this wonderful classical-based song, with prelude clearly in Raga Desh (?). I can’t tire of listening it without end. I associate the word ‘sweet’ for Chitragupt’s songs for Lata Mangeshkar. Here he is as sweet as ever. YT identifies the singers as Amirbai Karnataki, Geeta Dutt and Rafi, but the male voice in the beginning seems to be someone else.
3. Ada se muskuraye ja qayaamate jagaaye ja by Kishore Kumar from Khiladi, lyrics Rajendra Krishna, music Hansraj Bahal
There is this beautiful early Kishore Kumar whom Khemchand Prakash had launched with Marne ki duaayein kyun maangun jeene ki tamanna kau kare in Ziddi (1948) and Jagmag karta chaand poonam ka pyara in Rimjhim (1949). He continues in the same soft, melodious vein in this song under Hansraj Bahal, one of the major figures of the Punjabi School of music. The soft Kishore Kumar would continue in many songs in his early career, such as Husn bhi hai udas udas, Dukhi man mere etc. Many would agree with me if I say that Kishore Kumar Part I, i.e. pre-Aradhana, was much better than KK II.
4. Tashreef rakhiye ji tashreef rakhiye mere dil ke makaan mein tashreef rakhiye by Shamshad Begum from Chhoti Bhabhi (1950), lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi, music Husnlal Bhagatram
I can’t have enough of Shamshad Begum. She is one singer whose any unknown song you click at random would turn out to be delightful. Husnlal Bhagatram were among the top composers for a brief period during the late 40s to early 50s, before their protégés Shankar-Jaikishan took their mantle and sped away. Listen to this wonderful combination of one of the doyens of the Punjabi School of music with the singer, who is associated with having brought the Punjabi School with her debut Hindi film Khazanchi (1941).
5. Unki nazron se koi nazarein mila ke poochhe by Khan Mastana from Hanste Rahena, lyrics Farooq Qaisar, music Wadhwa
It does not get any rarer than this. I have not heard Wadhwa’s name earlier, and not likely to hear again. Yet you have this absolutely melodious song by the yesteryear’s famous singer, who was also a music director under the name Hafiz Khan Mastana.
5. Kateele tore naina raseele balam zahreele by Shamshad Begum from Nishana (1950), lyrics Naqshab, music Khursheed Anwar
Shamshad Begum never disappoints. Punjab meets Punjab again.
6. Na thamate hain aansoo na rukate hain naale by Rafi from Meena Bazaar, lyrics DN Madhok (?), music Husnlal-Bhagatram
While H-B’s regular Qamar Jalalabadi has been mentioned as the lyricist for Meena Bazaar (1950) in HFGK, for this particular song DN Madhok has been mentioned as the lyricist.
The mystery deepens when I come across a qawwali in the voice of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan with similar mukhada, only the two phrases have been reversed. The YT link mentions the lyricist as Ustad Qamer Jalalvi. Was he another person carrying a name uncannily similar to Qamar Jalalabadi?
Na rukate hain aansoo na thamte hain naale by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
7. Panghat pe na jaiyo gori ghunghat utaar ke by Lata Mangeshkar and Geeta Roy from Raj Mukut, lyrics Bharat Vyas, music Govind Ram
I associate Govind Ram with some wonderful songs for Shamshad Begum and other singers in the vintage era. At the turn of the decade he was no longer counted in the top league, but here I discover a beautiful folk-based Lata Mangeshkar-Geeta Dutt duet (which might be one of their earliest).
8. Aji ji mari main to laaj se by Bhanumati from Mangala, lyrics Pt Indra, music MD Pathasarathy, Balkrishna Kalla, E Shankar Shastri
Thanks to the Multiple Version Songs series, we have heard of Bhanumati, but this is her first Hindi song I am hearing, picturised on herself as a stage performance before Ranjan. In the audience, for a fleeting moment in the beginning you notice Aga and David. A fascinating song picturised to a wonderful dance.
9. Jab tum the hamaare aur hum the tumhare by Arun Kumar from Mashal, lyrics Pradeep, music SD Burman
This film has become famous for Manna Dey’s Upar gagan vishaal, but I have a special fascination for this haunting song by Arun Kumar, picturised on Ashok Kumar. The song is clearly inspired from Karan Dewan’s Jab tum hi chale pardes laga kar thes wo preetam pyara from Naushad’s Rattan. Arunji (Arunkumar Deshmukh) has explained the difference between many Aruns. This one was a regular in Bombay Talkies, and a cousin of Ashok Kumar (Arunji, I hope I am identifying correctly).
10. Hum dil ki dhadkan ki laya par furqat ke gaane gaate hain by Rafi and Surinder Kaur from Khamosh Sipaahi, lysics DN Madhok, music Hansraj Bahal
Punjabi Heer song. Surinder Kaur is a legend in Punjab. She had a very brief career in Hindi films. She is in her elements with a fellow Punjabi, Rafi in a song reflective of her milieu, and composed by Hansraj Bahal. Yahan soyee hui hai Anaarkali seems to be inspired by this song.
11. Suno meri sarkar zamana ulta hai by Rafi from Chhoti Bhabhi, lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi, music Husnlal Bhagatram
A very good parody song picturised on the yesteryear comedian Yaqub. Husnlal Bhagatram parody their own songs Do dilon ko ye duniya milne nahi deti (Chaand, 1944, Manju), Ho likhnewale ne likh di meri taqdeer mein barbaadi (Badi Bahen, 1949, Suraiya) and Ramchandra Pal’s Chal chal re naujawan (Bandhan, 1940, Leela Chitnis and Ashok Kumar).
12. Aa ja nigahon mein aa ja by Krishna Dayal from Dahej (1950), lyrics Shams Lakhanvi, music Vasant Desai
Endowed with an amazing voice, Krishna Goel sings for Karan Dewan who sang his own songs just the previous year in Lahore (Duniya hamare pyarki yun hi jawan rahe). And you can’t fail to notice that Vasant Desai used the same tune in Sainya ja ja (Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje).
13. Taqdeer hansee ansoo nikale by Talat Mahmood and Rajkumari from Pagle, lyrics Qabil Kashmiri, music Snehal Bhatkar
This extremely melodious duet is courtesy Rakesh Srivastava, who sent it to me because of doubts about the singers. Some sites mention Sherry and Begum Para as the singers, some as Talat Mahmood and Rajkumari/Lata Mangehskar. Talat Mahmood’s voice was unmistakeable, the lady was clearly not Lata Mangeshkar. In case of such doubts I refer to the Living Encyclopaedia, Aruji, who confirmed Talat Mahmood and Rajkumari as the singers. Incidentally, HFGK ascribes all the 9 songs of this film to its actors like Jagirdar, Agha, Juliet, Cuckoo, Begum Para and Sherry etc., which is copied by other sources too.
14. Humein apne dil se juda kar rahe ho by Geeta Dutt from Jalte Deep, lyrics Naazim Panipati, music TK Das
Would we ever cease to discover ‘inspiration’ of some famous compositions? Now you know where did Tere pyar ka aasra chaahta hun, ‘composed’ by N Datta in Dhool Ka Phool (1959) come from.
15. Milte hi ankhen dil hua by Hemant Kumar and Roma Devi (?), cover version
Here is an interesting cover version of the great Talat Mahmood-Shamshad Begum duet from Babul. We have earlier heard Hemant Kumar’s cover version of Naushad’s Mohabbat choome jinke haath. It is really sad that Naushad-Hemant Kumar combination is so rare – I can’t think of any other song than Chandan ka palna resham ki dori (Shabaab), therefore, any cover version is a treasure. The video link mentions Uma Devi as the female singer
When I started this year-wise review with the songs of 1955, I included 10 special songs. Last year, for 1951 I had to include 15 songs. I am in the same dilemma again: even after 15, there are many more I would like to include. But I stop here, and present it before the knowledgeable readers for their comments, their top tens and their nominations for
And the winners are?
Best male playback singer
Best playback singer
Best music director